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Cleopatra: Beyond the Myth by Michel Chauveau, translated by David Lorton. Shows how the lack of sources (as well as Cleopatra's own attempts to mythologize her reign) has allowed romantic legends to flourish. The author disputes the claims of other biographers and points out biases in the accounts of Roman historians.
Cleopatra the Great: The Woman Behind the Legend by Joann Fletcher. Reveals Cleopatra as a brilliant politician and scholar, and describes her banquets, library, goddess outfits, beauty regimes, and hairstyles.
Cleopatra by Michael Grant. Debunks the image of a wayward woman and replaces it with a brilliant linguist and strategist.
Cleopatra: The Search for the Last Queen of Egypt by Zahi Hawass and Franck Goddio. This illustrated book chronicles the life of Cleopatra and the quest to learn more about the queen and her era.
Cleopatra: A Biography by Duane W. Roller. Cleopatra was a visionary leader whose goal was always the preservation of her dynasty and kingdom. Even her love affairs with Julius Caesar and Marcus Antonius were carefully crafted state policies. This is the first account based solely on primary materials from the Greco-Roman period, including Cleopatra's own writings.
Cleopatra: Last Queen of Egypt by Joyce Tyldesley. This biography seeks to strip away preconceptions to present a rich picture of ancient Egypt and its queen.
Cleopatra by Prudence J. Jones. Biography that focuses on ancient sources. Includes color illustrations.
Cleopatra: A Sourcebook by Prudence J. Jones. A series of readings about Cleopatra -- historical, literary, and documentary -- extending from ancient times to the 20th century. The introduction places the sources in historical and cultural context.
Cleopatra: The Life and Death of a Pharaoh by Edith Flamarion, translated by Alexandra Bonfante-Warren. Includes nearly 100 illustrations.
Cleopatra: A Life by Stacy Schiff. Cleopatra is remembered for all the wrong reasons. She was married twice, each time to a brother. She waged brutal war against the first and poisoned the second. Her lovers, Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, were prominent Romans married to other women. This biography separates fact from fiction about the most influential woman of her age.
A Brief History of Cleopatra by M. J. Trow. Draws on recent archaeological finds and fresh interpretations of ancient texts to separate truth from myth.
Cleopatra: A Sphinx Revisited edited by Margaret M. Miles. Essays explore Cleopatra's trip to Rome, her suicide, films about her, and other topics.
The Murder of Cleopatra: History's Greatest Cold Case by Pat Brown. Argues that Egyptian pharaoh Cleopatra did not commit suicide but was brutally murdered.
The Warrior Queens by Antonia Fraser is about Cleopatra and other female leaders.
Antony and Cleopatra by Adrian Goldsworthy. Dual biography that goes beyond myth and dispels misconceptions.
Cleopatra and Antony: Power, Love, and Politics in the Ancient World by Diana Preston. The story of the world's best-remembered celebrity couple, set against the political backdrop of their time.
Antony & Cleopatra by Patricia Southern. Cleopatra was determined to reconstitute the ancient empire of the Ptolemies, a goal Mark Antony worked diligently to achieve. But their blending of politics and romance led to the ruin of their lives.
Life of Antony by Plutarch, edited by C.B.R. Pelling. One of the best ancient sources for information on Cleopatra and Mark Antony. Plutarch lived a century after Cleopatra.
Ptolemy I: King and Pharaoh of Egypt by Ian Worthington. The founder of Egypt's royal Ptolemaic dynasty was a Macedonian bodyguard of Alexander the Great. This biography traces his life from his boyhood friendship with Alexander to his reign over Egypt.
Ptolemy I Soter: A Self-Made Man edited by Timothy Howe. Founder of the longest-lasting Hellenistic kingdom, Ptolemy I was an able soldier and ruler, and also an historian.
The Last Queens of Egypt: Cleopatra's Royal House by Sally-Ann Ashton. Examines the roles played by Ptolemaic royal women, the extent of their power, the price they paid, and how they shaped Cleopatra's reign.
Cleopatra's Daughter and Other Royal Women of the Augustan Era by Duane W. Roller. Topics include Cleopatra Selene, daughter of Cleopatra VII; Pythodoris of Pontos, who ruled northern Asia Minor for 40 years; and Salome of Judaea, sister of Herod the Great.
The World of Juba II and Kleopatra Selene: Royal Scholarship on Rome's African Frontier by Duane W. Roller. The first English-language study of Juba II (48BC - AD 23), ruler of the African kingdom of Mauretania, and his wife Cleopatra Selene (daughter of Mark Antony and Cleopatra).
Portraits of the Ptolemies: Greek Kings As Egyptian Pharaohs by Paul Edmund Stanwick. Discusses sculptures of the Ptolemies, their chronology, and how they helped legitimate the dynasty.
The Last Pharaohs: Egypt Under the Ptolemies, 305-30 BC by J. G. Manning. Examines the relationship of the Ptolemaic kings to Egyptian society. Neither fully Greek nor wholly Egyptian, the Ptolemaic state was a hybrid that did not break with Egyptian history.
The Reign of Cleopatra by Stanley Burstein. Ambitious and intelligent, Cleopatra lived her whole life at the center of a complex power struggle.
Cleopatra and Egypt by Sally-Ann Ashton. Biography illustrated with over 40 images.
Egypt in the Age of Cleopatra by Michel Chauveau, translated by David Lorton. Looks at many facets of life under this queen and her dynasty, such as funeral customs, language and writing, social class structure, religion, and administration.
The Life and Times of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt: A Study in the Origin of the Roman Empire by Arthur E. P. Brome Weigall. A balanced look at Cleopatra and the world in which she lived. Includes maps and illustrations.
Cleopatra and Rome by Diane E. E. Kleiner. This illustrated book surveys works of art and other remnants that chronicle Cleopatra's legend and her mark on the art of imperial Rome.
Becoming Cleopatra: The Shifting Image of an Icon by Francesca Royster. Moving from Shakespeare's England to contemporary Los Angeles, the author looks at race and sexuality in portrayals of Cleopatra.
Cleopatra of Egypt: From History to Myth edited by Susan Walker and Peter Higgs. This lavishly illustrated catalogue from a major international exhibition explores how Cleopatra was depicted in her own era and in later times. More than 350 color illustrations.
The Portland Vase: The Extraordinary Odyssey of a Mysterious Roman Treasure by Robin Brooks. According to one theory, this first century BC Roman vase depicts Cleopatra and Mark Antony.
Signs of Cleopatra: Reading an Icon Historically by Mary Hamer. How Cleopatra has been imagined by writers and artists through the ages, and her role as a focus for cultural debate.
Cleopatra: Histories, Dreams and Distortions by Lucy Hughes-Hallett. A look at how Cleopatra has been depicted throughout history in advertising, paintings, and movies.
The Memoirs of Cleopatra by Margaret George. A lengthy, well-written fictional autobiography of the Egyptian queen.
Antony and Cleopatra: A Novel by Colleen McCullough. Caesar is dead, and Rome is divided. Cleopatra, the ruthless queen, welcomes Antony to her court and her bed but keeps her heart well guarded.
Cleopatra's Shadows by Emily Holleman. A novel that reimagines the beginnings of Cleopatra's epic saga through the eyes of her younger sister, Arsinoe. (Book one of the Fall of Egypt series.)
The Drowning King by Emily Holleman. Cleopatra and her brother, Ptolemy, are welcomed to the Egyptian throne after their father's death. But can the Nile be shared? This is the second book in the Fall of Egypt series.
Hand of Isis by Jo Graham. Charmian is Cleopatra's half sister, daughter of Pharaoh and a woman of the harem. She must face foes seen and unseen in a battle for her family, her love and her gods.
Cleopatra Dismounts by Carmen Boullosa, translated by Geoff Hargreaves. A novel about the life of Cleopatra.
Kleopatra by Karen Essex. Novel about Cleopatra's early years.
Pharaoh by Karen Essex. This sequel to Kleopatra continues Cleopatra's life story.
The Queen's Handmaid by Tracy L. Higley. From the servant halls of Cleopatra's Egyptian palace to the courts of Herod the Great, Lydia serves two queens to see prophecy fulfilled. (Christian fiction)
Novels About Cleopatra's Children
Cleopatra's Daughter: A Novel by Michelle Moran. After the deaths of their parents, Cleopatra and Marc Antony, twins Selene and Alexander come of age in the household of Roman emperor Octavian (Augustus).
Cleopatra's Heir by Gillian Bradshaw. Novel that imagines what might have happened if Caesarion, son of Julius Caesar and Cleopatra, had survived to adulthood.
Lily of the Nile by Stephanie Dray. Princess Selene, daughter of Cleopatra and Mark Antony, struggles for survival in a Roman court of intrigue. Followed by two sequels, Song of the Nile and Daughters of the Nile.
The Daughters of Palatine Hill: A Novel by Phyllis T. Smith. Three women -- Emperor Augustus's wife, Livia; his daughter, Julia; and and Egypitan pharaoh Cleopatra's daughter, Selene -- navigate the dangerous world of Rome's ruling elite.
Queen of Kings: The Immortal Story of Cleopatra by Maria Dahvana Headley. Fantasy novel. Desperate to save her kingdom and resurrect her husband, Mark Antony, Cleopatra becomes a vampire and seeks vengeance against those who have wronged her.
Young Adult Fiction
Cleopatra Confesses by Carolyn Meyer. Young adult novel about the early days of Egyptian pharaoh Cleopatra.
Cleopatra's Moon by Vicky Alvear Shecter. Fiction. Selene has grown up in a palace with her parents, Cleopatra and Mark Antony. But when war comes, Selene faces the loss of all she loves. For young adult readers.
Antony and Cleopatra by William Shakespeare. This play was first produced around 1607.
All for Love: The World Well Lost by John Dryden and William-Alan Landes. A late 17th century play.
Caesar and Cleopatra: A History by George Bernard Shaw. This play was first produced in 1899.
For Young Children
Cleopatra by Janeen R. Adil. Fun facts and amazing photos for children ages 4 to 8.
You Wouldn't Want to Be Cleopatra! An Egyptian Ruler You'd Rather Not Be by Jim Pipe, illustrated by David Antram. Nonfiction for children ages 4 to 8.
Cleopatra Paper Doll by Tom Tierney.
Nonfiction for Ages 9 to 12
Cleopatra: Queen of Egypt by Clint Twist, illustrations by Ian Andrew. A fictional journal with interactive extras including historical facts. For ages 8 and up.
Cleopatra: Egypt's Last and Greatest Queen by Susan Blackaby. Biography for children ages 10 and up.
Cleopatra Rules! The Amazing Life of the Original Teen Queen by Vicky Alvear Shecter. Cleopatra rocked the world with brilliant alliances that kept her in power. Find out why she has fascinated the world for thousands of years. Includes maps, a timeline, a glossary, sources, and an index. For ages 11 to 14.
The Life & Times of Cleopatra by Michelle Medlock Adams. Biography for children ages 9 to 12.
Cleopatra by Jane Bingham. Biography for children ages 9 to 12.
True Lives: Cleopatra by Haydn Middleton. Biography for children ages 9 to 12.
Cleopatra: Ruling in the Shadow of Rome by Julian Morgan. Biography for children ages 9-12.
Cleopatra: "Serpent of the Nile" by Mary Fisk Pack, illustrations by Peter Malone. An illustrated look at the life of the Egyptian pharaoh from the Thinking Girl's Treasury of Dastardly Dames series for ages 9 to 12.
Also for ages 9 to 12: Cleopatra: The Life of an Egyptian Queen by Gary Jeffrey; Cleopatra by Ron Miller and Sommer Browning, Cleopatra: Ruler of Egypt by Kerrily Sapet; and Cleopatra by Peter Vennema, illustrated by Diane Stanley.
The Treasures of the Seven Seas: Cleopatra and the Mystery of the San Diego by Marianne Meyer Bianchi and Franck Goddio. Explains how underwater archaeologists search for artefacts from lost cities. Includes photos.
Fiction for Young Readers
The Time-Traveling Fashionista and Cleopatra, Queen of the Nile by Bianca Turetsky. A modern time traveler learns that life as a handmaiden to Cleopatra is both treacherous and fashionable. For children ages 8 to 12.
Cleopatra, Daughter of the Nile by Kristiana Gregory. Fiction for children ages 9 to 12, from the popular "Royal Diaries" series.
Cleopatra and the King's Enemies: Based on a True Story of Cleopatra in Egypt by Joan Holub, illustrations by Nonna Aleshina. Fiction for children ages 4 to 8.
These DVDs are formatted for North American audiences.
Cleopatra: Destiny's Queen. Documentary from A&E's Biography series.
Digging for the Truth: Cleopatra, the Last Pharaoh. Though her name has been immortalized in myth and legend, Cleopatra was the last of the pharaohs. Why? From the History Channel/A&E.
Cleopatra's World: Alexandria Revealed. This documentary visits the ruins of the city that was the capital of Cleopatra's empire. The world's leading scholars share their insights and discoveries about the legendary queen. The picture that emerges goes far beyond the familiar tales of a temptress. From the History Channel/A&E.
Cleopatra: The First Woman of Power. Anjelica Huston narrates this film, which uses footage from Hollywood, contemporary shots of the Mediterranean, and interviews with historians to show a strong woman whose nobility survives centuries of slander.
Cleopatra starring Claudette Colbert. Entertaining 1934 movie. This DVD collection also includes four other movies directed by Cecil B. DeMille.
Cleopatra. The famous 1963 epic, with Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra and Richard Burton as Mark Antony. Rex Harrison portrays Caesar.
Cleopatra. Campy 1999 TV movie starring Leonor Varela as the queen, Timothy Dalton as Caesar, and Billy Zane as Mark Antony.