King Edward IV
Reigned 1461-1470 and 1471-1483
Deposed 1470; restored 1471.
King Edward V
Became king in 1483
Disappeared, presumably murdered.
King Richard III
Killed in battle
Reigned Before the Yorkists:
Royal House of Lancaster (1399-1461)
Reigned After the Yorkists:
Royal House of Tudor (1485-1603)
Full List of English Royal Dynasties:
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Book categories: Dynasty, Cecily Neville, Edward IV, Elizabeth Woodville, Princes in the Tower, Perkin Warbeck, Richard III, Anne Neville, Duke of Clarence, Margaret of York, Bosworth, Henry VII, Tudors, Lancastrians, Wars of the Roses, Plantagenets, DVDs
The Yorkists: The History of a Dynasty by Anne Crawford. Examines the truth about the controversial Yorkist kings, including the celebrated murders of young King Edward V and his brother.
Richard, Duke of York: King by Right by Matthew Lewis. Biography of the third Duke of York, whose unquenchable desire for the throne ignited the Wars of the Roses. He was the father of Edward IV and Richard III.
The Brothers York: A Royal Tragedy by Thomas Penn. In 15th-century England, King Edward IV and his brothers looked invincible. But they turned on each other, unleashing a catastrophic chain of events.
Power-Brokers and the Yorkist State, 1461-1485 by Alexander R. Brondarbit. Examines influential people during the reigns of Edward IV and Richard III, including "Kingmaker" Richard Neville and lesser-known figures such as Edward's friend Thomas Montgomery.
On the Trail of the Yorks by Kristie Dean. Explores the places associated with members of the royal York dynasty, including cathedrals, castles, battlefields and manor houses.
Emblems of Monarchy by Frederick C. Hepburn. Royal portraiture in Yorkist and early Tudor England.
Cecily Neville: Mother of Richard III by John Ashdown-Hill. Cecily Neville was a key political player in 15th-century England. Her story is full of controversy. This book seeks to dispel the myths.
Cecily Neville: Mother of Kings by Amy License. Biography of the mother of English kings Edward IV and Richard III.
Cecily, Duchess of York by J. L. Laynesmith. This scholarly biography discusses how Cecily manipulated her family connections and ideas about womanhood to protect herself and others.
Red Rose, White Rose by Joanna Hickson. Fiction. The powerful story of Cecily Neville, torn between the two sides of the War of the Roses, told through the eyes of Cecily and her half-brother Cuthbert.
Edward IV by Charles Ross and Ralph A. Griffiths. Biography from the Yale English Monarchs series. In his own time, Edward IV was seen as a successful king who rescued England from the miseries of civil war.
Edward IV by Michael Hicks. Biography of the first Yorkist king. Assessment of Edward IV is inextricably bound up not only in the record of his reign, but also his baleful legacy. This book explores how his reputation has changed.
Edward IV: The Summer King by A. J. Pollard. In 1461, Edward Earl of March, a handsome 18-year old, usurped the English throne from Henry VI. His reign brought economic and industrial expansion, but he squandered his talents in a frenzy of excess.
Edward IV by Hannes Kleineke. Biography. Was Edward a vain and self-indulgent playboy, or was his life cut tragically short, preventing him from establishing the 'new monarchy' associated with Henry VII?
Edward IV: Glorious Son of York by Jeffrey James. This book covers Edward's family background and his struggle to gain and retain the kingship of England.
Edward IV and the Wars of the Roses by David Santiuste. The most effective general of the Wars of the Roses, Edward IV died in his bed, undefeated in battle. This book examines his military role and the war in which he played a vital part.
His Love Life
The Private Life of Edward IV by John Ashdown-Hill. A study of the complex web of stories around the king's alleged sexual relationships and offspring.
Eleanor: The Secret Queen by John Ashdown-Hill. Argues that 15th century king Edward IV secretly married Eleanor Talbot and therefore his marriage to his official wife, Elizabeth Woodville, was bigamous.
The Mysterious Mistress: The Life and Legend of Jane Shore by Margaret Crosland. Biography of Edward IV's mistress, who ended her years in prison and poverty.
The Goldsmith's Wife by Jean Plaidy. Entertaining and sympathetic novel about kind-hearted Jane Shore, mistress of Edward IV.
Royal Mistress by Anne Easter Smith. Novel about Jane Shore, the quick-witted wife of a silk merchant who became the mistress of England's charismatic King Edward IV.
Figures in Silk by Vanora Bennett. Jane Shore starts a notorious liaison with English king Edward IV, while her sister Isabel, a silkweaver, becomes privy to the court's most intimate secrets.
Elizabeth Widville, Lady Grey: Edward IV's Chief Mistress and the 'Pink Queen' by John Ashdown-Hill. Biography of an endlessly enigmatic figure who has been obscured by misconceptions.
Elizabeth Woodville by David Baldwin. The wife of Edward IV has been championed and vilified for five centuries. This biography examines what she was really like.
Elizabeth Woodville: The Real Story of the 'White Queen' by David MacGibbon. Biography of the exceptionally beautiful, influential wife of King Edward IV. First published in 1938.
Edward IV & Elizabeth Woodville: A True Romance by Amy License. When the tall, athletic Edward of York married a widow five years his elder, it was to prove an unpopular decision. This book reassesses the queen and her husband.
Elizabeth: England's Slandered Queen by Arlene Okerlund. This biography depicts Elizabeth Woodville as an adored wife, distraught mother, and innocent queen slandered by politicians.
The Last Knight Errant: Sir Edward Woodville and the Age of Chivalry by Christopher Wilkins. Biography of Elizabeth Woodville's brother, whose reputation suffered at the hands of King Richard III.
Royal Witches: Witchcraft and the Nobility in Fifteenth-Century England by Gemma Hollman. About four royal women -- Joan of Navarre, Eleanor Cobham, Jacquetta of Luxembourg, and Elizabeth Woodville -- who were accused of witchcraft.
The Queen's Sisters: The Lives of the Sisters of Elizabeth Woodville by Sarah J. Hodder. Vilified by contemporaries and historians, the Woodvilles were center stage during the reigns of Edward IV and Richard III.
The York Princesses: The Daughters of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville by Sarah J. Hodder. Their young years were blighted by tragedy, but the princesses survived and thrived in the Tudor age.
The Women of the Cousins' War: The Duchess, the Queen, and the King's Mother by Philippa Gregory, David Baldwin, and Michael Jones. An illustrated look at the lives of Jacquetta, Duchess of Bedford; Elizabeth Woodville; and Margaret Beaufort.
The Woodvilles: The Wars of the Roses and England's Most Infamous Family by Susan Higginbotham. In 1464, King Edward IV revealed his secret marriage to Elizabeth Woodville, bringing her family into the Wars of the Roses.
The White Queen by Philippa Gregory. A novel about Elizabeth Woodville, wife of Edward IV. First book in the Cousins War series. Followed by The Lady of the Rivers, about Jacquetta of Luxembourg; and The Kingmaker's Daughter, about Anne Neville; and The White Princess, about Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII.
The King's Grey Mare by Rosemary Hawley Jarman. Novel about Elizabeth Woodville, queen of King Edward IV. Beautiful beyond belief, she becomes the tool of her evil mother, who is determined that her daughter should sit on the throne of England. Fiction.
The Stolen Crown: The Secret Marriage That Forever Changed the Fate of England by Susan Higginbotham. Trapped in the Wars of the Roses, Kate Woodville loses control of her life when her sister secretly marries the king. Fiction.
Edward V: The Prince in the Tower by Michael Hicks. Presents the backdrop to the young king's tragically short life -- his parents, the political scenery, his own remarkable achievements -- and reveals how he was an integral cause of his dynasty's collapse.
The Princes in the Tower by Alison Weir. The author argues convincingly that Richard III did indeed arrange the murder of his young nephews, King Edward V and Prince Richard, so he could seize the throne.
The Princes in the Tower by Elizabeth Jenkins. Did Richard III have his nephews killed? The author of this book says yes.
The Princes in the Tower: Did Richard III Murder His Nephews, Edward V & Richard of York? by Josephine Wilkinson. This study returns to the original sources, presenting a new theory about what really happened and why.
The Mythology of the Princes in the Tower by John Ashdown-Hill. When did the term "Princes in the Tower" come into use? Were they genuinely held against their will? Working with a team of geneticists, the author tries to answer questions about Edward IV's lost sons.
Richard III and the Princes in the Tower by Gerald Prenderghast. The fate of Richard III's vanished nephews, Edward V and Richard of York, remains controversial. This book examines their possible fates.
Following in the Footsteps of the Princes in the Tower by Andrew Beattie. Reveals the lives of vanished children Edward V and Richard of York through the places they lived and visited.
Did They Survive?
The Survival of the Princes in the Tower: Murder, Mystery and Myth by Matthew Lewis. Delves into the princes' disappearance, examining the suspects' motives and opportunities afresh, and asks a crucial question: What if there was no murder?
The Lost Prince: The Survival of Richard of York by David Baldwin. Did Richard, Duke of York, the younger of the Princes in the Tower, survive his imprisonment? This book suggests that Richard Plantagenet, an unusually well-educated bricklayer who died in 1550, might have been the lost prince.
The Mystery of the Princes by Audrey Williamson. The author suggests that the princes were not murdered. This book won the 1978 Crime Writers' Association Gold Dagger Award for Nonfiction.
A Secret Alchemy: A Novel by Emma Darwin. Tells the story of the Princes in the Tower through the eyes of their mother, Elizabeth Woodville; her brother Anthony; and a modern historian.
To the Tower Born: A Novel of the Lost Princes by Robin Maxwell. This fictional account tells the story of the lost princes through the eyes of a printer's daughter and her friend Elizabeth of York, sister of the little princes.
The Lost King: Richard III and the Princes in the Tower by Alison Prince. Children's book. A fictional look at the brief reign of Richard III, told through the eyes of his nephews' nursemaid. What really happened to the Princes in the Tower? Was Richard responsible?
Richard III: The Self-Made King by Michael Hicks. Biography of the wily and formidable prince who became the most infamous king in British history. (Appears to be an updated version of the author's previous book on Richard III.)
Richard III: A Failed King? by Rosemary Horrox. From the Penguin Monarchs series of short biographies of England's rulers.
Richard the Third by Paul Murray Kendall. This respected biography ignores Tudor accounts depicting King Richard III as an archvillain and instead portrays him as the man he was, leaving moral judgements to the reader.
Richard III: England's Most Controversial King by Chris Skidmore. This biography draws on new manuscript evidence to examine Richard's inner nature and complex relations with those around him.
Richard III: The King in the Car Park by Terry Breverton. This biography places Richard in the context of his times and assesses the likelihood of other candidates put forward to have killed his nephews, the Princes in the Tower.
Richard III: Loyalty Binds Me by Matthew Lewis. This biography explores what is known of Richard's childhood and the impact it had on his personality.
Richard III: The Road to Leicester by Amy License. Why did England's Richard III seize the throne? Did he murder the Princes in the Tower? This book provides an introduction to the controversial king.
Richard III: England's Black Legend by Desmond Seward. Biography. The author argues that Shakespeare's Richard is closer to reality than the image of a betrayed hero favoured by his modern defenders.
Richard III, The Young King to Be by Josephine Wilkinson. The first of a two-volume biography. It concentrates on Richard's early life, from his birth in 1452 to his marriage to Anne Neville.
Family, Friends, Supporters
The Family of Richard III by Michael Hicks. The Wars of the Roses were quarrels within the Plantagenet family. The York dynasty won the first war, but the Yorkist establishment shared in Richard III's destruction. This book concludes with an analysis of Richard's DNA and his 'family' as it exists today.
Lovell Our Dogge: The Life of Viscount Lovell, Closest Friend of Richard III and Failed Regicide by Michèle Schindler. Biography of Richard III's loyal friend, who tried to assassinate Henry VII and played a prominent role in the Lambert Simnel enterprise.
Richard III's 'Beloved Cousyn': John Howard and the House of York by John Ashdown-Hill. Examines why Howard chose to support Richard, what secrets he knew about Edward IV, and what he had to do with the fate of the 'Princes in the Tower'.
Richard III & His Era
Richard III by David Baldwin. An in-depth study of the controversial king's dealings with his contemporaries.
Richard III by David Hipshon. Explores Richard III's reign and the controversies surrounding it in the context of the period.
Richard III by Charles Ross. Assesses the king within the context of his violent age and explores why he usurped the throne, the belief that he ordered the murder of the Princes in the Tower, and the death of the Yorkist dynasty with Richard himself.
Richard III: From Contemporary Chronicles, Letters and Records by Keith Dockray and Peter Hammond. First published in 1988 as Richard III: A Reader in History and republished in 1997 as Richard III: A Source Book, this book has been rewritten to incorporate recent scholarship.
The Betrayal of Richard III: An Introduction to the Controversy by V. B. Lamb, revised by Peter Hammond. This survey the life and times of Richard III examines the contemporary evidence for the events of his reign. First published in 1959; this revised edition published in 2015.
The History of King Richard III by Sir Thomas More. Much of what is known about Richard III stems from this biography by Thomas More (who was executed during the reign of Henry VIII). Focusing on the final years of Richard's life, More describes a man corrupted by the thrill of power.
Richard III's Death, Grave, and Remains
Richard III and the Death of Chivalry by David Hipshon. Bosworth was the last English battle in which the monarch relied on feudal retainers. Power politics led to the king's death on the battlefield, the death of chivalry, and the end of the Middle Ages.
The Bones of a King: Richard III Rediscovered by the Greyfriars Research Team. The official behind-the-scenes story of the discovery of Richard III's remains, based on the research of the specialists directly involved.
The Last Days of Richard III and the Fate of His DNA by John Ashdown-Hill. A detailed exploration of Richard's last 150 days, his burial, and the construction of his tomb. This fully revised and expanded edition includes the discoveries of the Leicester dig where the king's skeleton was found.
The King's Grave: The Discovery of Richard III's Lost Burial Place and the Clues It Holds by Philippa Langley and Michael Jones. Written in alternating chapters, with Richard's 15th century life contrasting with a 21st century eyewitness account of the search and discovery of his body.
Digging for Richard III: The Search for the Lost King by Mike Pitts. The story of the archaeology behind the dig that found the remains of Richard III, told through photographs, diagrams, and firsthand accounts.
Other Richard III Topics
Richard III: A Royal Enigma by Sean Cunningham. Reproduces key surviving documents from the king's short reign, including letters in Richard's own hand. Fully illustrated in color.
Richard III in the North by M. J. Trow. King Richard III was not born in the North, but he loved the area and made it his own.
Richard III and the Murder in the Tower by Peter A. Hancock. In 1483, William, Lord Hastings was hustled from a meeting of the Royal Council and executed on Tower Green. This book sheds light on that mystery.
Richard III: A Ruler and His Reputation by David Horspool. This biography examines what we know of Richard's life, and the way his reputation evolved over centuries.
The Mythology of Richard III by John Ashdown-Hill. Was Richard III abnormal, a tyrant, a serial killer? What is the truth about his marriage and his last days? This book unravels the web of myths.
The World of Richard III by Kristie Dean. A journey through the landscape of Richard's time, including castles, cathedrals, manor homes, and chapels, with photographs, floor plans, and images.
Joan of Arc and Richard III by Charles T. Murray. Sex, saints, and government in the Middle Ages.
Richard III: A Study of Service by Rosemary Horrox. About the king's servants.
Fiction About Richard III
The Sunne in Splendour by Sharon Kay Penman. Novel about the life of Richard III. Even if you don't share Penman's view of Richard as a saintly innocent, this is an entertaining book and an excellent introduction to the historical figures of the era.
This Time by Joan Szechtman. Time-travel story in which England's King Richard III attempts to unravel the mysteries of the modern world and undo the damage done to his reputation through 500 years of history.
A Rose for the Crown: A Novel by Anne Easter Smith. Novel about a fictional mistress of England's King Richard III.
Richard III by William Shakespeare. Play which famously depicts the king as an evil hunchback.
Anne Neville: Queen to Richard III by Michael Hicks. Richard III killed Anne Neville's first husband and helped kill her father, father-in-law, and brother-in-law. He imprisoned Anne's mother, and was suspected of poisoning Anne herself. This biography seeks to uncover the real Anne Neville and the twists of her tragic life.
Anne Neville: Richard III's Tragic Queen by Amy License. Reassesses the long-standing myths about Anne's role, her health, and her marriages.
The Reluctant Queen: The Story of Anne of York by Jean Plaidy. Novel about the wife of England's King Richard III.
The Virgin Widow by Anne O'Brien. This historical novel, set during England's War of the Roses, tells the story of Anne Neville, future wife of Richard III, who comes of age in a time of chaos.
The Third Plantagenet: George, Duke of Clarence, Richard III's Brother by John Ashdown-Hill. George played a central role in the Wars of the Roses, but was he for York or Lancaster? Is the story of his drowning in a barrel of wine true? This is the first full biography of the unpredictable duke.
Margaret of York: The Diabolical Duchess by Christine Weightman. An illustrated biography of the woman who tried to overthrow the Tudors.
Daughter of York by Anne Easter Smith. Fictional account of the life of Margaret of York, sister of English kings Edward IV and Richard III, who married Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.
Bosworth 1485: Last Charge of the Plantagenets by Christopher Gravett. Cuts through the myth and propaganda to detail the course of this pivotal campaign.
Richard III and the Bosworth Campaign by Peter Hammond. In 1485, the forces King Richard III and Henry Tudor clashed at Bosworth Field. Richard was killed and Henry took the crown, establishing the Tudor dynasty. This book tells the story of the rivalries that provoked the conflict, the personalities of Richard III and Henry VII, the preparations of the armies, and the battle itself.
Battle Story: Bosworth 1485 by Mike Ingram. About the battle that marked the end of the reign of Richard III and the rise of the Tudor dynasty.
These DVDs are formatted for North American audiences.
Richard III. 1955 movie version of Shakespeare's play, directed by and starring Lawrence Olivier.
Richard III. A restored 1912 movie version of the play starring Frederick Warde as the king.
Richard III. Ian McKellen stars in this 1995 version of Shakespeare's play, set in a comic-book vision of 1930s London. (Review © Amazon.com)